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vagrant install方法 (とりあえずまとめてみた)

Vagrantの使い方

virtualboxのインストール

https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads

Vagrantのインストール

https://www.vagrantup.com

下記コマンドでバージョンが表示されたらインストール成功です。

vagrant -v

下記URLから好きなOSを選びます

http://www.vagrantbox.es

vagrantをターミナルで打つとVagrantのコマンド一覧が表示されます。

$ vagrant
Usage: vagrant [options] <command> [<args>]

    -v, --version                    Print the version and exit.
    -h, --help                       Print this help.

Common commands:
     box             manages boxes: installation, removal, etc.
     connect         connect to a remotely shared Vagrant environment
     destroy         stops and deletes all traces of the vagrant machine
     global-status   outputs status Vagrant environments for this user
     halt            stops the vagrant machine
     help            shows the help for a subcommand
     init            initializes a new Vagrant environment by creating a Vagrantfile
     login           log in to HashiCorp's Vagrant Cloud
     package         packages a running vagrant environment into a box
     plugin          manages plugins: install, uninstall, update, etc.
     port            displays information about guest port mappings
     powershell      connects to machine via powershell remoting
     provision       provisions the vagrant machine
     push            deploys code in this environment to a configured destination
     rdp             connects to machine via RDP
     reload          restarts vagrant machine, loads new Vagrantfile configuration
     resume          resume a suspended vagrant machine
     share           share your Vagrant environment with anyone in the world
     snapshot        manages snapshots: saving, restoring, etc.
     ssh             connects to machine via SSH
     ssh-config      outputs OpenSSH valid configuration to connect to the machine
     status          outputs status of the vagrant machine
     suspend         suspends the machine
     up              starts and provisions the vagrant environment
     validate        validates the Vagrantfile
     version         prints current and latest Vagrant version

For help on any individual command run `vagrant COMMAND -h`

Additional subcommands are available, but are either more advanced
or not commonly used. To see all subcommands, run the command
`vagrant list-commands`.

今回はubuntu16.04を選びます

$ vagrant box add ubuntu16.04 https://atlas.hashicorp.com/bento/boxes/ubuntu-16.04/versions/2.3.0/providers/virtualbox.box

==> box: Box file was not detected as metadata. Adding it directly...
A name is required when adding a box file directly. Please pass
the `--name` parameter to `vagrant box add`. See
`vagrant box add -h` for more help.
$ 
$ vagrant box add Ubuntu16.04 https://cloud-images.ubuntu.com/xenial/current/xenial-server-cloudimg-amd64-vagrant.box
==> box: Box file was not detected as metadata. Adding it directly...
==> box: Adding box 'Ubuntu16.04' (v0) for provider: 
    box: Downloading: https://cloud-images.ubuntu.com/xenial/current/xenial-server-cloudimg-amd64-vagrant.box
==> box: Successfully added box 'Ubuntu16.04' (v0) for 'virtualbox'!

以下でubuntuがインストールされたかを確認

$ vagrant box list
Ubuntu16.04 (virtualbox, 0)

Vagrantfileを生成

$ mkdir ubuntu
$ cd ubuntu/
$ vagrant init ubuntu16.04
A `Vagrantfile` has been placed in this directory. You are now
ready to `vagrant up` your first virtual environment! Please read
the comments in the Vagrantfile as well as documentation on
`vagrantup.com` for more information on using Vagrant.

ubuntuを起動

$ vagrant up
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider...
==> default: Importing base box 'ubuntu16.04'...
==> default: Matching MAC address for NAT networking...
==> default: Setting the name of the VM: ubuntu_default_1501122558979_21668
==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
    default: Adapter 1: nat
==> default: Forwarding ports...
    default: 22 (guest) => 2222 (host) (adapter 1)
==> default: Running 'pre-boot' VM customizations...
==> default: Booting VM...
==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
    default: SSH address: 127.0.0.1:2222
    default: SSH username: ubuntu
    default: SSH auth method: password
    default: Warning: Connection reset. Retrying...
    default: Warning: Remote connection disconnect. Retrying...
    default: Warning: Connection reset. Retrying...
    default: Warning: Remote connection disconnect. Retrying...
    default: Warning: Connection reset. Retrying...
    default: 
    default: Inserting generated public key within guest...
    default: Removing insecure key from the guest if it's present...
    default: Key inserted! Disconnecting and reconnecting using new SSH key...
==> default: Machine booted and ready!
==> default: Checking for guest additions in VM...
    default: The guest additions on this VM do not match the installed version of
    default: VirtualBox! In most cases this is fine, but in rare cases it can
    default: prevent things such as shared folders from working properly. If you see
    default: shared folder errors, please make sure the guest additions within the
    default: virtual machine match the version of VirtualBox you have installed on
    default: your host and reload your VM.
    default: 
    default: Guest Additions Version: 5.0.40
    default: VirtualBox Version: 5.1
==> default: Mounting shared folders...
    default: /vagrant => /Users/XXX/ubuntu

sshコマンドでubuntuに接続

$ vagrant ssh 
Welcome to Ubuntu 16.04.2 LTS (GNU/Linux 4.4.0-87-generic x86_64)

 * Documentation:  https://help.ubuntu.com
 * Management:     https://landscape.canonical.com
 * Support:        https://ubuntu.com/advantage

  Get cloud support with Ubuntu Advantage Cloud Guest:
    http://www.ubuntu.com/business/services/cloud

0 packages can be updated.
0 updates are security updates.


ubuntu@ubuntu-xenial:~$ 

下記コマンドで不要なosを停止したり削除できます。

$ vagrant halt //停止
$ vagrant destroy //削除

GUIの表示

Vagrantfileの以下の部分のコメントアウトを外すと、VirtualBoxの窓が出てくる。

  config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |vb|
    # Display the VirtualBox GUI when booting the machine
    vb.gui = true

    # Customize the amount of memory on the VM:
    vb.memory = "1024"
  end

reloadしてあげる

$ vagrant reload

ログインするには

- user : vagrant
- password : vagrant

で、ログインが可能

ubuntu desktopのインストール $ sudo apt-get install ubuntu-desktop

インストール後 $ startx $ sudo reboot